Thursday, 5 May 2016

Theodore Millon's 5 Types Of Narcissist

Theodore Millon was a psychologist/psychiatrist who proposed five different main types of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), or Malignant Narcissism/Self-Love.

Millon also developed the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) which is currently widely used in diagnostic testing. Whereas James F Masterson had only proposed two main types of narcissism, exhibitionist (overt) and closet (covert), Millon defined the following four categories for his subtypes.


Used to describe narcissists with antisocial (i.e. sociopathic) features. Unprincipled narcissists are usually unscrupulous, deceptive and exploitative. Also includes charlatans and frauds.


Basically a narcissist with histrionic features (i.e. a drama queen). Amorous narcissists may appear charming and charismatic on the outside but they are also exhibitionists and have erotic tendencies.


Compensatory narcissists tend to have passive-aggressive features and usually a negative attitude and outlook on life. They also have avoidant features presumably due to their negative way of thinking.


Elitist narcissists have a tendency to view themselves as better than anyone else, whether in status, position or intellect. Elitist narcissism fits in with Wilhelm Reich's description of a phallic narcissist.

The fifth subtype:

Unusually, Millon's fifth category included either all or none of the above. It could therefore be assumed that Millon had come up with six categories in total but didn't want to overly confuse the issue.

[ Image: Peggy Marco at Pixabay - Public Domain - ]


  1. These 5 categories has no empiric foundation. Today one has overt and covert as seen in factor analysis.

    1. As far as I am aware, the only official diagnosis today is for classic (overt) narcissism (Narcissistic Personality Disorder).